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APA Style Guide: About APA

About this Guide ...

Always refer to the APA Manual for authorized examples of citations.

Some of the citations in this guide are taken from the APA Manual, others are recommendations from librarians.

APA Manual

A copy of this manual is available on reserve in the Dora Badollet Library. The writing tutors in the Learning Commons also have a copy for reference.

APA References

The standard citation style guide for the fields of business, education, health science, public service, and social science is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010. The American Psychological Association (APA) publishes the manual, commonly referred to as "the APA Manual."

Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.

In-Text Citations:

The APA Manual uses the author-date citation system for in-text citations. 

Reference Citations:

The sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper.  The APA Manual suggests using the title, References, for the list.


Publications take on many forms, but the basic components of an original research article include

  • Title and title page
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Results
  • Discussion

APA guidelines do not require headings for most sections. This guide is provided by the Library & Learning Commons. Your instructor may have specific directions pertaining to your assignment.

Clatsop Community College and Recommended APA Resources



Creative Commons License
APA Style Guide adapted from an Indian River State College guide by Alexis Carlson. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Based on a work at

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