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APA Style Guide: About APA

The New APA: APA 7th Edition

Good news, APA has been updated! Depending on which class you take, you may be asked to use APA 6th or 7th. If you are not sure which style to use, consult with your instructor. While we construct our new guide to support the latest version of APA, please refer to this guide created by librarians at Indian River State College for APA 7th.

Some of the big changes include punctuation, pronoun usage, inclusive language, and author citations. As always, the writing tutors can assist with citation styles.

About this Guide ...

Always refer to the APA Manual for authorized examples of citations.

Some of the citations in this guide are taken from the APA Manual, others are recommendations from librarians.

APA Manual

A copy of this manual is available on reserve in the Dora Badollet Library. The writing tutors in the Learning Commons also have a copy for reference.

APA References

The standard citation style guide for the fields of business, education, health science, public service, and social science is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010. The American Psychological Association (APA) publishes the manual, commonly referred to as "the APA Manual."

Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.

In-Text Citations:

The APA Manual uses the author-date citation system for in-text citations. 

Reference Citations:

The sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper.  The APA Manual suggests using the title, References, for the list.


Publications take on many forms, but the basic components of an original research article include

  • Title and title page
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Results
  • Discussion

APA guidelines do not require headings for most sections. This guide is provided by the Library & Learning Commons. Your instructor may have specific directions pertaining to your assignment.

Clatsop Community College and Recommended APA Resources



Creative Commons License
APA Style Guide adapted from an Indian River State College guide by Alexis Carlson. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Based on a work at

Changes from APA 6th Edition to APA 7th Edition

Old Way (APA 6th Edition)

New Way (APA 7th Edition)


The running head for the title page is different than the running head for subsequent pages

The running head rules are “simplified,” and running heads are not required for student papers

The title page has only three elements The title page has expanded to include the professor's name, the course number, course name, department, and date

A pronoun should reflect the same number as the noun it replaces

The use of the singular “they” is endorsed

Type "Retrieved from" before copying and pasting a URL in your end references The use of "Retrieved from" before a URL is no longer needed

The first in-text citation mentions up to five authors


The first in-text citation of a work by more than two authors may list only the first author, followed by “et al.”

The reference section lists seven authors of a single work

The reference section lists up to 20 authors for a single work

Book references disclosed publisher location

Book references omit publisher location

Two spaces after a period to end a sentence is acceptable

Use one space after a period, unless otherwise directed


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